Mitochondria Research

Mitochondria research is very multi-faceted, because the multi-functional organelle is not only involved in energy production in a cell, but other additional cellular functions. The active cycle of mitochondrial fusion and division induces morphological changes, which is called mitochondrial dynamics. Abnormalities in morphological control of mitochondria are associated with neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic disorders, aging, and so on. Therefore, the demand for long-term observation of mitochondrial dynamics has recently been increasing.

Selection Guide of Reagents

The following table lists reagents for mitochondrial research designed to stain and detect mitochondria (MitoBright LT, MitoTracker, etc.), mitochondrial membrane potential (JC-1, TMRM, TMRE, etc.), reactive oxygen species AKA ‘ROS’ (mtSOX, MitoSOX, etc.), mitophagy, and lipid peroxides.

Mitophagy

Mitophagy
Reagent Mtphagy Dye Keima-Red
Principle Mtphagy Dye (included in Mitophagy Detection Kit) is a pH-sensitive fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and emits red fluorescence due to acidic conditions in a lysosome. A pH-sentitive ratiometric fluorescent protein. The excitation spectrum changes accoring to pH. This protein shows high fluorescence ratio (Ex. 550 nm/440 nm) values in a lysozome.
Fixed cell staining
Live-cell staining Yes Yes
Fixation after live-cell staining
Staining time > 30 min
Ex / Em 530 / 700 440, 550 / 620
Product code MD01MT02

Lipophilic peroxide / Singlet oxygen / Superoxide

  Lipophilic peroxide Singlet oxygen Superoxide  
Reagent MitoPeDPP Si-DMA mtSOX Deep Red MitoSOX
Principle A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and specifically reacts with lipophilic peroxides in mitochondria to emit fluorescence. A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and specifically reacts with singlet oxigen generated in mitochondria to emit red fluorescence. A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and reacts with superoxide generated in mitochondria to emit fluorescence. A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and reacts with superoxide generated in mitochondria to emit red fluorescence.
Fixed cell staining
Live-cell staining Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fixation after live-cell staining
Staining time > 15 min > 45 min > 10 min > 10 min
Ex / Em 452 / 470 644 / 670 540 / 670 510 / 590
Product code M466 MT05 MT14

Membrane potential

Membrane potential
Reagent JC-1 MT-1 TMRM, TMRE
Principle A cell-permeant ratiometric fluorescent dye that accumulates in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential. The excitation spectrum changes according to the mitochondria membrane potential. Cell-permeant fluorescent dyes that accumulate in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential. MT-1 is extremely photostable and more sensitive than JC-1 and can provide equivalent detection sensitivity to TMRE. Cell-permeant fluorescent dyes that accumulate in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential. Diffusion of the probes occurs in a damaged mitochondria that has the decreased membrane potential.
Fixed cell staining
Live-cell staining Yes Yes Yes
Fixation after live-cell staining Yes
Staining time 30-60 min 30 min 30-60 min
Ex / Em Monomer: 514 / 529
J-aggregation: 585/590
530-560 / 570-640 550 / 575
Product code MT09 MT13

Mitochondria staining

Mitochondria staining
Reagent MitoBright LT series MitoBright IM Red MitoTracker series Rhodamine 123
Principle Cell-permeant fluorescent dyes that accumulate in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential. Cell-permeant fluorescent dyes that accumulate in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential and covalently binds to proteins and other biomolecules. Cell-permeant fluorescent dyes that accumulate in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential. Cell-permeant fluorescent dye that accumulates in intact mitochondria due to the membrane potential.
Fixed cell staining
Live-cell staining Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fixation after live-cell staining Yes Yes
Staining time 30 min 30 min 15-45 min > 15 min
Ex / Em 493 / 508, 547 / 563, 643 / 663 548 / 566 490 / 516 ~
644 / 665
507 / 529
Product code MT10, MT11,MT12 MT15 R233

Metal Ion Detection

   Iron ion (Fe2+) Calcium ion (Ca2+)
Reagent Mito-FerroGreen Rhod2-AM
Principle A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and specifically reacts with ferrous ion in mitochondria to emit green fluorescence. A cell-permeant fluorescent probe that accumulates in mitochondria and specifically reacts with calcium ion in mitochondria to emit red fluorescence.
Fixed cell staining
Live-cell staining Yes Yes
Fixation after live-cell staining
Staining time 30 min 30-60 min
Ex / Em 505 / 535 553 / 576
Product code M489 R002 

Mitochondria Research

Application Products
Mitophagy Detection Mitophagy Detection Kit
Mitochondrial Phospholipid Peroxidase Detection MitoPeDPP
Mitochondrial Ferrous Ion Detection Mito-FerroGreen
Mitochondrial Singlet Oxygen Detection Si-DMA for Mitochondrial Singlet Oxygen Imaging
Mitochondrial Membrane Potential JC-1 MitoMP Detection Kit
MT-1 MitoMP Detection Kit
Mitochondria Staining MitoBright LT Green
MitoBright LT Red
MitoBright LT Deep Red
MitoBright IM Red for Immunostaining
-Cellstain- MitoRed
-Cellstain- Rh123

Product Classification

Product Classification